Cardiovascular Disease and Sleep Apnoea

Having considered the effects of sleep apnoea during the development of diabetes and high blood pressure, we have to look at what other effects are being had. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to diseases of the heart and/or blood vessels, and is an umbrella term for a list of disease states, including hypertension, arrhythmia, coronary artery disease (CAD) and congestive heart failure (CHF). These diseases develop gradually, resulting in life threatening conditions such as heart attack and stroke.

Well known risk factors for CVD include smoking, diabetes, obesity and high cholesterol, and now sleep apnoea is widely becoming accepted as a major contributing factor to the development of CVD.

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